Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research
Tel: +49 (0)203 29861-100
Fax: +49 (0)203 29861-199
Gerardo Bracho joined the Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research as a Senior Expert Fellow. He conducted his research in Research Unit 1 “The (Im)Possibility of Cooperation” from April 2016 to March 2017.
The Rise and Fall of the Modern Aid Industry: The Development Assistance Group (OECD) and the Impact of the Emerging Donors.
As is the case with most international agendas, the rise of China and other southern powers has unsettled the development cooperation agenda. This agenda is now in crisis and reaching a turning point. Is the North/South typology still relevant? Which countries should give aid to which others, why, by which mechanisms and in which amounts? These and other issues that seemed settled just a few years ago are today open questions. My research will tackle the present crisis of the aid agenda in a historical context, focusing on two particular set of actors: the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the club of official donors hosted by the OECD that has played a paramount role in shaping the modern aid industry, and the group of Southern Emerging donors lead by China, which have been operating in the development cooperation agenda under the South-South paradigm. Indeed this crisis can be reasonably portrayed as resulting from the impact of the new emerging Southern donors on an aid industry largely shaped by the Western traditional donors grouped in the DAC.
In a broad sense my research is about the rise and fall of the modern aid industry. But it will approach this story from the guiding light of how has the DAC reacted and accommodated to the major geopolitical shifts that have unsettled the development-aid architecture and the universe of its major players, the official donors. Three such geopolitical shifts are identified. First, the decline of Colonialism and the Colonial powers and the concomitant rise of the USA, the USSR and the Third World which underpinned: the birth of the North South divide and the development paradigm, the take-off of the aid industry and the creation of the DAC and other aid-oriented institutions. Second, the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the communist alternative to development; a geopolitical earthquake that strongly reshaped the aid industry and its narrative. Finally, the rise of China and of other emerging southern powers which are challenging the very foundations of the aid industry and architecture, and which plunged the DAC and other aid institutions into crisis.
- The Development Cooperation Agenda and its History
- The Impact of the Southern Emerging Powers on the International Agenda
- Cooperation between Emerging and Established Powers
- The Impact of Globalization on the Development Agenda
- The SDG Agenda
- A monograph on the origins of the Development Assistance Committee OECD.
- A monograph on the origins and content of aid statistics.
|01/2015-03/2016||Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mexican Agency for Development Cooperation (AMEXCID)
Development Cooperation Directorate
|01/2012-04/2013||Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mexican Agency for Development Cooperation (AMEXCID)
Deputy Director General on Policy
|04/2005-12/2011||Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mission to the OECD
Mexican delegate to the Development Assistance Committee and the Development Centre
|08/2002-04/2005||Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Embassy to the UK
|04/1990-08/2002||Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Embassy to Russia
Bracho, Gerardo (2015): In Search of a Narrative for Southern Providers: The Challenge of the Emerging Economies to the Development Cooperation Agenda, Discussion Paper, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Bonn.
Bracho, Gerardo and Pérez Pineda, Jorge (2015): Development Agencies in Emerging Powers: The Mexican Case, in: Chaturvedi Sachin et al. (ed.), Development Agencies in Emerging Powers. Instituto Mora and German Development Institute, Bonn.
Bracho, Gerardo and García-López, Agustín (2011): México y el CAD de la OCDE: una relación en construcción, in: Revista Española de desarrollo y Cooperación 28.
Bracho, Gerardo (2009): La identidad de los países de renta media y de México desde la perspectiva de la OCDE, in: Citlali Ayala Martínez and Jorge A. Pérez Pineda (eds.), México y los países de renta media en la cooperación para el desarrollo: ¿hacia dónde vamos?, Mexico: Instituto Mora-Flacso-Cideal.
Bracho, Gerardo and García-López, Agustín (2009): La Reforma de la cooperación mexicana en el contexto internacional: los donantes emergentes y el Comité de Asistencia al Desarrollo de la OCDE, in: Quince años de México en la OCD, Mexico: Instituto Matías Romero-SRE.
Bracho, Gerardo and López Gallardo, Julio (2005): The Economic Collapse of Russia, in: Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review 232 (March).
Bracho, Gerardo (2004): La liberalización del Comercio Exterior, la desindustrialización y la economía poscomunista en Rusia, in: Investigación Económica 63 (247), Mexico January-March.
Bracho, Gerardo (2004): Mexico`s Foreign Trade Strategy in Trouble: the impact of China, in: Voices of Mexico 67 (April-June).
- From 2005 to the present I have closely followed the Aid and Development Cooperation Effectiveness Agenda, participating in the High Level Meetings at Accra (2008), Busan (2011) and Mexico City (2014). I was a “Sherpa” on behalf of Mexico, which represented the other Southern Cooperation providers in the ad-hoc group that drafted the Busan outcome document and the rules of the Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation formed at the Busan High Level Meeting.
- I was a member of the Mexican team that participated in the G20 Development Group during the presidencies of France in 2011 and Mexico in 2012. From 2008 to 2010, I was also a member of the Mexican team that covered the development agenda of the Heiligendamm process, an outreach agenda of the G-8 with the so-called G-5 (Brazil, China, India, South Africa and Mexico), which anticipated G20 discussions on development.
- In addition to participating in intergovernmental meetings and processes, I have given talks on the issue of development cooperation at a number of conferences and seminars at academic institutions such as the BRICs Research Centre (Rio de Janeiro), the German Development Institute (Bonn), the Overseas Development Institute (London) the Mora Institute (Mexico City), the National Autonomous University of Mexico (Mexico City), the OECD (Paris) and Chatham House (London).