Executive Director / Senior Researcher

Dr Markus Böckenförde, LL.M.

Other Colleagues

Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research
Schifferstraße 196
47059 Duisburg
Germany

Tel:  +49 (0)203 29861-104
Fax: +49 (0)203 29861-199
E-mail: boeckenfoerde@spam protectgcr21.uni-due.de

Research Interests

  • Constitution Building
  • Legal Pluralism
  • Law and Development
  • Rule of Law
  • Human Rights

Vita

05/2011-02/2012 German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Bonn
Senior Researcher; Leader of the Advisory Team to the Policy Planning Staff of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
01/2009-04/2011 International IDEA, Stockholm, Sweden
Constitution Building Programme
Acting Programme Manager (temporarily) and Programme Officer
01/2008-12/2008 Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (MPIL), Heidelberg
Head of Africa Projects and Senior Research Fellow
07/2006-12/2007 Assessment and Evaluation Commission, Khartoum/Juba, Sudan
Legal Expert of the Assessment and Evaluation Commission (on secondment of the German Foreign Office)
12/2004-06/2006 Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (MPIL), Heidelberg
Head of Africa Projects and Senior Research Fellow
2003 University of Heidelberg
Dissertation (Dr. jur.)
Subject of the Thesis: „Green Genetic Engineering and World Trade“
2002-2004 Legal Clerkships/Bar Exam
Clerkships i.a.: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Bonn; German University of Administrative Science, Speyer; Office of Konrad Adenauer Foundation in Kampala / Yei, (Uganda/(South-) Sudan)
01/2001-12/2003 Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (MPIL), Heidelberg
Research Fellow
09/1999-05/2000 University of Minnesota, USA
Master of Laws (LL.M.)
10/1998-08/1999 Council for the Federal German Government on Global Change (WBGU), Bremerhaven
Research Analyst
04/1998-07/1999 University Heidelberg
Interdisciplinary Environmental Science Program (Economic, Psychology, Biology)
10/1995-02/1997 University Heidelberg
Research Assistant to Justice Prof. Steinberger (Chair for International Law, Comparative Constitutional Law, and German Public Law) in his position as the German delegate to the “European Commission for Democracy through Law” (Venice Commission), the Council of Europe's advisory body on constitutional matters
10/1992-08/1998 University Freiburg, University Geneva, University Heidelberg, University Cambridge
First State Exam Legal Studies (focus on: Public International Law, Comparative Constitutional Law, Environmental Law) and Political Science Studies (equivalent of bachelor degree)
09/1990-01/1992 German Afghanistan Committee, Peshawar, Pakistan
Development Aid Volunteer

Selected Publications

Böckenförde, Markus (2016): From Constructive Ambiguity to Harmonious Interpretation: Religion-Related Provisions in the Tunisian Constitution, in: American Behavioral Scientist, online first.

Böckenförde, Markus (2015): The Dynamics of Comprehensive Constitution-building: Religion and the Concept of Twin Tolerations in Tunisia, in Mathieu Rousselin, and Christopher Smith (eds.), The Tunisian Constitutional Process: Main Actors and Key Issues, Global Dialogues 7, Duisburg: Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research, 24–35.

Böckenförde, Markus (ed.) (2014): A Multi-Disciplinary Mosaic: Reflections on International Security and Global Cooperation, Global Dialogues 4, Duisburg: Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research.

Böckenförde, Markus (2014): Editorial: A Multi-disciplinary Mosaic: Reflections on International Security and Global Cooperation, in Markus Böckenförde (ed.), A Multi-disciplinary Mosaic: Reflections on International Security and Global Cooperation, Global Dialogues 4, Duisburg: Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research, 8–12.

Böckenförde, Markus (2014): What German Development Co-operation Can Learn From the Incest Debate, The Current Column, 8 October 2014, Bonn: German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).

Böckenförde, Markus (2014): Constitutional Amendment Procedures, Constitution Building Primers, September 2014, International IDEA.

Böckenförde, Markus, Elbabour, M., and Megeresi, T. (2013): Decentralisation in Libya, Report, Tripoli: Democracy Reporting International.

Böckenförde, Markus, and Sabsay, Daniel (2013): Supranational Organizations and their Impact on National Constitutions, in Mark Tushnet, Thomas Fleiner, and Cheryl Saunders (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Constitutional Law, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 469–83.

Böckenförde, Markus (2012): Prozesse fördern, nicht nur Produkte fordern: Demokratie und Menschenrechte in der deutschen Außenpolitik, in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 10/2012, Bonn, 40–6.

Böckenförde, Markus (2012): Die Einbindung der Bevölkerung in Verfassungsänderungsprozessen—ein Überblick, in: Holger P. Hestermeyer et al. (eds.), Coexistence, Cooperation and Solidarity, Leiden: Brill, 1107–23.

Böckenförde, Markus, and Leininger, Julia (2012): Demokratie und Menschenrechte in der deutschen Außenpolitik, in: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 10/2012, 40–6.

Böckenförde, Markus (2012): Legal Pluralism and Constitutional Reform Processes: Challenges for Mozambique, in: State and Non-State Public Safety and Justice Provisions—The Dynamics of Legal Pluralism in Mozambique, CESAB, Maputo, 50–65.

Böckenförde, Markus (2011): Quo Vadis Sudan? Shari'a and Human Rights after the Secession of South Sudan, in: Tilmann Röder, and Rainer Grote (eds.), Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 535–52.

Böckenförde, Markus (2011): A Practical Guide to Constitution Building: The Design of the Legislature, Stockholm: International IDEA.

Böckenförde, Markus (2011): A Practical Guide to Constitution Building: The Design of the Executive Branch, Stockholm: International IDEA.

Böckenförde, Markus (2011): A Practical Guide to Constitution Building: Decentralized Forms of Government, Stockholm: International IDEA.

Böckenförde, Markus (2011): Menschenrechtspolitik, in: Dieter Nohlen, and Florian Grotz (eds.): Kleines Lexikon der Politik, 5th edition, München: Beck, 365–8.

Böckenförde, Markus (2010): Protecting Human Rights—Promoting Gradual Processes Rather than Demanding Quick Results, The Current Column, 29 November 2010, German Development Institute / Deutsches Instituts für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).

Böckenförde, Markus (2010): Beyond Federalism - Which Concept of Decentralization Reflects Best the Needs of Somalia?, in: Horn of Africa and Peace: The Role of Democratic Governance vs. Sectarian Politics in Somalia, Report of the 9th Annual Conference on the Horn of Africa, Lund, 4–6 June 2010, Lund: Lund University Press, 213–26.

Böckenförde, Markus (2010): Biological Safety, in: Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed.): Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, Online Edition.

Böckenförde, Markus (2010): The PCA’s Abyei Award: Fitting a Diplomatic Peg into a Legal Round Hole, in: Leyden Journal of International Law 23: 555–69.

Böckenförde, Markus (2004): Grüne Gentechnik und Welthandel: Das Biosafety Protokoll und seine Auswirkungen auf das Regime der WTO, Heidelberg: Springer.

Teaching Responsibilities

  • Visiting Faculty, Central European University, Budapest – topic: Constitution Building in Africa (2012)
  • University of Gießen – topics: International Trade Law, International Environmental Law, Comparative Constitutional Law (since 2010)
  • German National Academic Foundation in Ellwangen and Berlin – topic: Governance in Africa (together with Prof. Thilo Marauhn) (2009-2011)
  • Central European University, Budapest – topic: Decentralization from a Legal Perspective (2010)

Expertise and Consulting Work

  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • German Agency for International Cooperation (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GIZ)
  • German Foreign Office
  • Konrad Adenauer Foundation
  • Friedrich Ebert Foundation
  • German Academic Exchange Programme (DAAD)
  • International IDEA

Seminars and Conferences

  • Seminar to Review the <strong>“Analysis and Recommendations Study of the Jordanian Constitution”</strong>, International IDEA, Beirut, 26 June 2012
  • <strong>“Constitutional Safeguards against Re-emergence of authoritarianism”</strong>, Workshop: The Challenge of Constitutional Reforms in the Arab World, Democracy Reporting International, Berlin, 2. Dec. 2011
  • <strong>“Towards Equity and Agency: Designing the Role of Women in the Constitution“</strong>, SIRC, Lund (Sweden), 23. – 24. Sept. 2011, Horn of Africa and Peace: The Role of Women in Promoting Peace and Development. 10th Annual Conference on the Horn of Africa
  • <strong>“The challenge of context in promoting (international) rule of law – Sudan and Somalia”</strong>, University of Amsterdam, HILL, COST, Brussels, 16. Sept.2011, Promoting the (international) rule of law in states in transition: The practice of the EU
  • <strong>“Islamic Law Issues in Post Conflict Settings: the Case of Sudan”</strong>, Cairo Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa (CCCPA) and Center for International Peace Operations (ZIF), Germany, in partnership with: United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), Cairo, 27.-29. June 2011, Expert Workshop Islamic Law, the Rule of Law and International Peace Operations
  • <strong>“Constitutional Comparison in Constitution Making Processes - Field Experiences from Sudan and Somalia”</strong>, ICL, Vienna, 13 May 2011, 7th Workshop on International Constitutional Law Constitutional Comparison and Constitution-Making
  • <strong>“International influences on constitutions with regard to and within Africa: Constitutional courts in Africa”</strong>, African Network of Constitutional Lawyers Annual (ANCL), Rabat, 2.-4. February 2011, Annual Conference on “The Internationalisation of Constitutional Law”
  • <strong>Moderator “Scenarios for the Region”</strong>, Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES), Cairo, 4-5 November 2011, Sixth Expert Meeting on Regional Security Policy at the Greater Horn of Africa, topic: „Conflict management by Regional Economic Communities in the Horn and Eastern Africa. Opportunities and Challenges”
  • <strong>“Beyond Federalism- Which Concept of Decentralization Reflects Best the Needs of Somalia?”</strong>, SIRC, Lund (Sweden), 4. – 6. June 2011, Horn of Africa and Peace: The Role of Democratic Governance vs. Sectarian Politics in Somalia. 9th Annual Conference on the Horn of Africa
  • <strong>“Legal Pluralism and Constitutional Reform Processes”</strong>, Centro de Estudos Sociais Aquino de Bragança (CESAB), Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), FES, Maputo (Mozambique), 28 – 30 April 2010, International Conference on State and Non-State Public Safety and Justice Provision - The dynamics of legal pluralism in Mozambique
  • <strong>“Instruments of Constitutional Law to Protect Socio-Economic and Political Rights of Minorities”</strong>, KAS, Djibouti, 25.-29. Jan. 2010, Stakeholders’ Conference on Alternative Political Organizations and Constitutional Options for Balancing Ethnic Diversity and Enhancing Unity, Stability and Development in the Horn of Africa
  • <strong>Rapporteur</strong>, Nepal Constitution Foundation (NCF), Tribhuvan University Faculty of Law, Supreme Court Bar Association Kathmandu, Kathmandu (Nepal), 15.-17. Jan 2010, International Conference on Dynamics of Constitution Making in Nepal in Post Conflict Scenario
  • <strong>“Top-Down or Bottom-Up: Is There a Solution for the Building-Up of a New State in South-Central Somalia?”</strong>, FES, Cairo, 4-5 November 2010, Fifth Expert Meeting on Regional Security Policy at the Greater Horn of Africa

Awards

  • Otto-Hahn-Medal of the Max Planck Society for outstanding scientific achievement (PhD thesis, 2003)
  • Merit based scholarships (DAAD - German Academic Exchange Programme, University of Heidelberg, Cusanuswerk, Fulbright, German Federal Environmental Foundation)