Dr Janet Hui Xue

Associate Senior Fellow


since 04/2018

University of Oxford

Wolfson College

Researcher, member of law, justice and society research cluster

since 08/2016

University of Oxford

Consumer Rights Beyond Boundaries Programme, Faculty of Law

Research Associate

11/2016 – 01/2019

University of Sydney

Department of Government and International Relations, China Studies Centre

Honorary Research Associate

03/2016 – 03/2018

Western Sydney University (City) and Navitas Group

Media and communication

Teaching academic, course developer and coordinator

08/2018 – 10/2019

University of Ningxia

School of Journalism and Communication

Lecturer of communication studies; Director of programme of advertising history and theory (2008-2011)

Research Interests

  • Regulation and governance of new technologies
  • Data governance in AI
  • Comparative study
  • Digital economy and society


Dr Janet Hui Xue joined the research group 'Global Cooperation and Polycentric Governance' as a Senior Research Fellow from October 2020 to September 2021. She stays affiliated with the Centre as Associate Senior Fellow.


Research Project at the Centre

Governing Personal Data in the Digital Economy: A Comparative Study of the EU and China and Implications for Future Regulation

The research reviews and critically analyses the regulatory tools and governance models that have been tried in either the EU or China in attempts to strike a balance between business innovation and the protection of consumer rights in the context of personal data. It also analyses how the EU General Data Protection Regulation (the GDPR) affects the data protection practices in China, the largest digital market in the world without a unified data protection law.

By analysing how different legal systems attempt to regulate the data use of these companies in applications of new/emerging technologies including AI, the research identifies both promising approaches and failing attempts. The research also suggests approaches to tackle important regulatory challenges the EU is facing, given that no international framework for interoperability amongst EU member states has been effectively implemented yet. It then develops a forward-looking polycentric governance model ('TECM') that enhances trust between data subjects, regulators, and the regulated, and which provides more effective protection for individuals’ rights to their own data.


Xue, J. H. (forthcoming). Governing Personal Data in the Digital Economy: A Comparative Study of the EU and China and Implications for Future Regulation. To be contracted with Oxford University Press.

Hesselman, C., Grosso, P., Holz, R., Kuipers, F., Xue, J. H., Jonker, M., de Ruiter, J., Sperotto, A., van Rijswijk-Deij, R., Moura, G.C. and Pras, A. (2020). A Responsible Internet to Increase Trust in the Digital World. Journal of Network and Systems Management, 28(4), 882–922, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7475727/.

Xue, J. H. and Holz, R. (2019). Applying Smart Contracts in Online Dispute Resolutions on a Large Scale and its Regulatory Implications, in G. Destefanis, M. Ragnedda (eds.), Blockchain and Web 3.0: Social, Economic, and Technological Challenges. Routledge, www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429029530/chapters/10.4324/9780429029530-12

Xue, J. H., Chung, A and Yu Y. (2018). Legal and regulatory challenges of the Sharing Economy. Policy Brief Series, Foundation for Law, Justice, and Society, Wolfson College, University of Oxford, discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10062728/.

Smith F., Sinpeng, A., Holz, R., Logan, S., Hutchinson, J., and Xue, H. (2018). Australia’s cybersecurity future(s). Australian Strategic Policy Institute, International Cyber Policy Centre, www.sydney.edu.au/content/dam/corporate/documents/sydney-policy-lab/nov-2018_australia%27s-cyber-security-future.pdf

Seminars and Conferences

Algorithmic Governance in the Context of AI in E-commerce. Invited talk at 11th meeting of the Research Partnership Platform, Annual United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva, Switzerland (online), December 2020.

Legal and regulatory challenges of the sharing economy. Invited talk at 9th meeting of the Research Partnership Platform, Annual United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Geneva, Switzerland, July 2018.

Securing Values of Your Data in Sharing Economy. The workshop of Digital Justice for Consumers, Wolfson College, University of Oxford, Oxford, 7 November 2017

Contextualising Sustainable Innovation—Regulatory Implications of Public-Private Partnership for Data Sharing in Digital ASEAN. Invited talk at One Belt One Road Summit, Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, 2017.

Towards Sustainable Innovation Enabled Governance—Personal Data in an Open Age, Invited talk at workshop Cyber Security in the Era of Open Government, University of Sydney, 2016.

Issues and Development in Chinese Media Law and Policy, invited talk at the Centre for Social-Legal Studies, University of Oxford, 2013.

Beyond Censorship: China’s Internet Governance Revisited, invited talk at Centre for Social-Legal Studies, University of Oxford, 2013.

Xue, H. Chitty, N.: Platform Policy of Weibo and China’s National Legal Regulation on Online Privacy, presented at International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR) Congress, Dublin, Ireland, June 2013.

Xue, H. Chitty, N.: Commercial Misuse of Personal Data by Stakeholders of SNS and Its Policy Implications: A Case Study on Weibo, presented at China and the New Internet World: The Eleventh Chinese Internet Research Conference (CIRC11), Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, June 2013.

Xue, H.; Chitty, N.: Micro Opinion in Macro China: Networks Embedded in Hierarchical Structure, presented at Graduate Conference: Rethinking State-Society Relations in Contemporary China, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, May 2013.