Alumni Senior Fellow

Prof. Dr Manjiao Chi

Alumni Fellows

Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research
Schifferstraße 44
47059 Duisburg

Tel:  +49 (0)203 379-5230
Fax: +49 (0)203 379-5276
E-mail: chi@spam


Prof. Dr Manjiao Chi joined Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research as a Senior Fellow. He conducted his research in Research Unit 3 “Global Governance Revisited” from September 2014 to August 2015.

Research Project at the Centre

China’s Legal Culture and Its Participation in Global Governance

China has become the second biggest economy in the world. Yet, its participation in global governance does not match its economic status. It is the aspiration of both the international community and China’s current leadership for China to take more responsibility in international affairs and to play a bigger role in global governance. China’s legal culture can play an important role in shaping its policy and in influencing its attitudes towards global governance. This cross-disciplinary research combines studies of culture, law and international relations, aims at exploring how China should enhance its participation in global governance from different perspectives, especially from the angle of China’s participation in international dispute settlement. It also explores the enhancing/positive and impeding/negative impacts of China’s legal culture on global governance, and how China should adapt its culture and policy to meet its need of enhancing participation in global governance.

Research Interests

  • International and Chinese Arbitration
  • International Investment Law & Policy Making
  • International Dispute Settlement
  • International Trade Law and WTO Law

Current Projects

  • The Spill-Over Effects of WTO Dispute Settlement
  • Study on Key Provisions of the 2012 US Model BIT
  • Development of International Investment Treaty and China
  • China's Overall Participation in International Dispute Settlement
  • International Law of Natural Resource Governance


Since 08/2014 Xiamen University, China
Professor of Law
09/2004-07/2014 Xiamen University, China
Associate Professor of Law
08/2010-07/2011 Ministry of Commerce, P.R.C.
Divisions of WTO Law and Investment Law
Department of Treaty and Law
Staff Counsel
12/2009-01/2010 UNIDROIT, Italy
Visiting Fellow
02/2009-06/2009 Columbia Law School, USA
Edwards Fellow
09/2008-02/2009 Max-Planck-Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Germany
Visiting Fellow
2004 Xiamen University, China
Ph.D in Law (cum laude)
2000 Nanjing University, China
Master of Law
1997 Zhengzhou University, China
Bachelor of Law

Selected Publications

Chi, Manjiao (forthcoming in 2014): “Exhaustible Natural Resource” in WTO Law: GATT Article XX (g) Disputes and Their Implication, Journal of World Trade 48 (5).

Chi, Manjiao (2014): Problems and Improvement of the International Arbitration Regime: Comparative Study of Chinese and International Arbitration Rules, Beijing: Law Press.

Chi, Manjiao (2013): Conflict of Laws, in: Yuanshi Bu (ed.), Chinese Civil Law, Munich: C.H.Beck, 233–94.

Chi, Manjiao  (2013): Trade-Plus Effects of WTO Dispute Settlement on China: An Ideal or Illusion?, Journal of World Trade 47 (6): 1439–384.

Chi, Manjiao (2012): Domestic Arbitration: A Comparative Perspective, in M. J. Moser (ed.), Dispute Settlement in China, New York: Juris Publishing, 45–92.

Chi, Manjiao (2013): Privileging Domestic Remedies in International Investment Dispute Settlement, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of American Society of International Law, Vol.107: 26–9.

Chi, Manjiao (2012): Finding out the “Achilles’ Heels”: Piracy Suppression under International Law and Chinese Law, Journal of East Asia and International Law 5 (1): 7–36.

Chi, Manjiao(2012): China’s Participation in WTO Dispute Settlement in the Past Decade: Experiences and Impacts, Journal of International Economic Law 15 (1): 29–49

Chi, Manjiao (2011): Are We “Paper-Tigers”: The Limited Procedural Power of Arbitrators under Chinese Law, Journal of Dispute Resolution (2011): 259–81.

Chi, Manjiao (2011): “The Iceberg beneath the Water”: The Hidden Discrimination against the Lex Mercatoria in Chinese Arbitration, Journal of Private International Law 7 (2): 341–59.

Chi, Manjiao (2011): The Unhelpfulness of Treaty Law in Solving the Sino-Japan Sovereign Dispute over the Diaoyu Islands, East Asia Law Review 6 (2): 163–89.

Chi, Manjiao (2010): Application of the UNIDROIT Principles in China: Successes, Shortcomings and Implications, Uniform Law Review 15 (1): 5–35.

Teaching Responsibilities

For Undergraduate Students:

  • International Commercial Arbitration
  • International Economic Dispute Settlement
  • Case Study of Commercial Law

For International Students:

  • China’s Legal System
  • Chinese Civil and Commercial Law

For Master (JM/LL.M.) Students:

  • Advanced Study of International Arbitration
  • WTO Dispute Settlement
  • Case Study of International Commercial Arbitration
  • Case Study of International Law
  • Advanced Study of International Dispute Settlement
  • Legal English
  • Study of Transnational Legal Issues

For Ph.D Students:

  • Selected Topics of International Law (on occasional basis)

Expertise and Consulting Work

Commercial Arbitration Cases:

  • Since 2009: Served as arbitrator in many international, foreign-related and domestic arbitration cases
  • Since 2010: Served as expert witness in foreign-related and foreign case (before US District court)
  • Since 2009: Advised Chinese courts on foreign-related arbitration cases

International Investment and Trade Law Practicing:

  • 2008–2009: Assisted Prof. An Chen (former Chairperson, Chinese Society of International Economic Law) as expert witness in Tza Yap Shum v. Peru (ICSID Case No. ARB/07/6)
  • Since 2010: Advised several top Chinese law firms and foreign investors relating to international investment arbitration relying on Chinese BITs
  • 2010–2011: Counsel for WTO cases and handled disputes at different stages (including consultation, panel proceeding, Appellate Body proceeding and enforcement proceedings)
  • 2011: Case handler/Counsel for Ekran v. China (ICSID Case No. ARB/11/15, the only ICSID case against China up to present) for the P.R.C.
  • Since 2011: Expert for Dept. of Treaty and Law, MOFCOM, advising on international investment law and arbitration issues
  • Since 2012: Expert for the P.R.C. Delegate for China-US Bilateral Investment Treaty negotiations

Other Legal Work:

  • 2012: Advising a top Chinese company on its potential application for insurance from MIGA (Multilateral Insurance Guarantee Agency, a World Bank Institution)
  • Since 2010: Advising various companies on foreign-related legal issues (in English)
  • Since 2005: Simultaneous interpreter for various international legal conferences

Seminars and Conferences

  • Aug. 7, 2014, “Understanding International Investment Agreements and Preparing for Investment Arbitration: A Perspective from Transnational Corporations”, Lecture given at the Legal Affairs Dept. of Huawei Tech. Co. Ltd., Shenzhen-China (in Chinese).
  • July 23, 2014, “The Latest Development of International Investment Treaties: Perspective of Sustainable Development”, EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty Negotiation and Its Implications, CASS (Chinese Academy of Social Science), Beijing-China (in Chinese).
  • July 4, 2014, “Exploring the Meaning of Exhaustible Natural Resources in WTO Law”, EU-China Economic Relations in the Field of Energy and Natural Resources, Hamburg-Germany.
  • July 2-3, 2014, “International Trade Governance and China” & “International Investment Governance and China”, Lectures given at Law School, University of Siegen, Siegen-Germany.
  • May 27, 2014, “Investor-State Arbitration: Method for the Protection of Chinese Overseas Investment”, ZhongLun Round Table on International Investment Law, Zhonglun Law Firm, Beijing-China (in Chinese).
  • November 14-16, 2013, “China’s Shifting Attitudes towards Investment Arbitration: An Empirical Study of the Jurisdictional Clauses of Chinese BITs”, The 4th Biennial Conference of Asian Society of International Law (AsianSIL), New Delhi-India.
  • November 4-6, 2013, “State-State Arbitration in International Investment Dispute Settlement”, The 7th Annual Forum of Developing Country Investment Negotiators, Jakarta-Indonesia.
  • September 20, 2013, “The Raw Materials Case, the Rare Earths Case and their Implications on China´s Resource Trade Governance”, Primary Materials — Between State Sovereignty and Global Governance, Lausanne -Switzerland.
  • September 10, 2013, “China’s Changing Attitudes towards Investment Arbitration: A Policy Perspective”, The China-EU Investment Rule-Making and the Future of International Investment Law, Xiamen-China.
  • September 8-9, 2013, “The Relationship between International Arbitration and Local Remedies in International Investment Dispute Settlement”, The 7th Symposium on International Investment Agreements (sponsored by MOFCOM), Xiamen-China (in Chinese).
  • August 26-29, 2013, “Key Provisions of China’s BITs”, Expert Meeting on China’s Investment Treaties (convened by MOFCOM), Qingdao-China (in Chinese).
  • July 24, 2013, “Understanding Investor-State Dispute Settlement Mechanism of the 2012 US Model BIT and Its Implication to the Treaty-making of the China-US BIT”, Conference on China-US BIT Negotiations, Law School, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an-China (in Chinese).
  • Apr.-May 2013, “Advanced Study on Transnational Legal Issues” (A 2-credit compulsory course for master degree students of international trade and commercial law), Lectures given at Law School, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau SAR (in Chinese).
  • Apr. 10, 2013, “China and WTO Dispute Settlement”, Lecture given at Law School, Wisconsin University, Madison- U.S.A.
  • Apr. 8, 2013, “China’s Shifting Attitudes towards International Investment Dispute Settlement”, Lecture given at Law School, University of Pennsylvania (Penn Law), Philadelphia-U.S.A.
  • Apr. 4, 2013, “Privileging Domestic Remedies in International Investment Dispute Settlement”, the 107th Annual Conference of the American Society of International Law (ASIL), Washington DC-U.S.A.
  • Jan. 29, 2013, “An International Economic Law Perspective of China’s Shifting Attitudes towards Resource Sovereignty”, International Conference on Permanent Sovereignty on Natural Resources: Development of Public International Law Principle and Its Limits, Siegen-Germany.
  • Nov. 2012, “The Problems of the Implementation of China-Audiovisual Products”, Conference on Leading WTO Disputes and China: 2013 (convened by the Department of Treaty and Law, MOFCOM and Chinese Society of International Economic Law), Shanghai-China (in Chinese).
  • Oct. 2012, “Confronting the Spillover Effects of WTO Dispute Settlement: China’s Perspective”, Joint Conference on International Law and Justice (convened by the Asian Society of International Law & The Australian and New Zealand Societies of International Law), Sydney-Australia.
  • Sept. 2012, “The Investment Arbitration Provisions of the 2012 US Model Bilateral Investment Treaty”, The 6th Symposium on International Investment Agreements (sponsored by MOFCOM), Xiamen-China (in Chinese).
  • June 2012, “Comment: Korea’s Logistics Polices: Its Status and Future”, International Conference on Legal System: Present and Prospect of Eastern Asia Logistics, Xiamen-China.


  • Since 2005: Member, Chinese Society of International Economic Law (CSIEL)
  • 2006-2013: Deputy Secretary-General, Administrative Council, Xiamen Academy of Int’l Law
  • Since 2008: Arbitrator, Xiamen/Quanzhou/Qingdao Arbitration Commissions
  • Since 2011: Member, American Society of International Law (ASIL).
  • 2012-2013: Committee Member, Asian-Pacific Forum of International Arbitration (AFIA), Sydney
  • Since 2013: Council Member, Chinese Society of International Law (CSIL)
  • Since 2013: Fellow, ForschungsKollegSiegen (“FoKoS Center”), University of Siegen, Germany
  • Since 2013: Member, International Advisory Board, Banaras Law Journal (Banaras Hindu University Law School, India)
  • Since 2014: Member, International Advisory, NUSRL Journal of Law and Policy (National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchai, India)


Funded Research Projects:

  • 2013: Handbook for China’s Investment Treaty Negotiators, funded by Dept. of Treaty and Law, Ministry of Commerce of China (Major Contributor).
  • 2012: The Spillover Effects of WTO Dispute Settlement on China, funded China National Social Science Fund (CNSSF) (Person-in-charge).
  • 2012: Study on Certain Salient Substantive and Procedural Issues of the 2012 US Model Bilateral Investment Treaty, funded by Ministry of Commerce of China (Major Contributor).
  • 2011: China’s International Law Issues from the “Big State Perspective”, funded by China National Social Science Fund (CNSSF) (Major Contributor).

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Dr Paula Castro

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