Alumni Senior Expert Fellow

Gerardo Bracho

Fellows Unit 1

Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research
Schifferstraße 44
47059 Duisburg

Tel:  +49 (0)203 379-5230
Fax: +49 (0)203 379-5276
E-mail: bracho@spam


Gerardo Bracho joined the Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research as a Senior Expert Fellow. He conducted his research in Research Unit 1 “The (Im)Possibility of Cooperation” from April 2016 to March 2017.

Research Project at the Centre

The Rise and Fall of the Modern Aid Industry: The Development Assistance Group (OECD) and the Impact of the Emerging Donors.

As is the case with most international agendas, the rise of China and other southern powers has unsettled the development cooperation agenda. This agenda is now in crisis and reaching a turning point. Is the North/South typology still relevant? Which countries should give aid to which others, why, by which mechanisms and in which amounts? These and other issues that seemed settled just a few years ago are today open questions. My research will tackle the present crisis of the aid agenda in a historical context, focusing on two particular set of actors: the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the club of official donors hosted by the OECD that has played a paramount role in shaping the modern aid industry, and the group of Southern Emerging donors lead by China, which have been operating in the development cooperation agenda under the South-South paradigm. Indeed this crisis can be reasonably portrayed as resulting from the impact of the new emerging Southern donors on an aid industry largely shaped by the Western traditional donors grouped in the DAC.

In a broad sense my research is about the rise and fall of the modern aid industry. But it will approach this story from the guiding light of how has the DAC reacted and accommodated to the major geopolitical shifts that have unsettled the development-aid architecture and the universe of its major players, the official donors. Three such geopolitical shifts are identified. First, the  decline of Colonialism and the Colonial powers and the concomitant rise of the USA, the USSR and the Third World which underpinned: the birth of the North South divide and the development paradigm, the take-off of the aid industry and the creation of the DAC and other aid-oriented institutions. Second, the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the communist alternative to development; a geopolitical earthquake that strongly reshaped the aid industry and its narrative.  Finally, the rise of China and of other emerging southern powers which are challenging the very foundations of the aid industry and architecture, and which plunged the DAC and other aid institutions into crisis.

Research Interests

  • The Development Cooperation Agenda and its History
  • The Impact of the Southern Emerging Powers on the International Agenda
  • Cooperation between Emerging and Established Powers
  • The Impact of Globalization on the Development Agenda
  • The SDG Agenda

Current Projects

  • A monograph on the origins of the Development Assistance Committee OECD.
  • A monograph on the origins and content of aid statistics.


01/2015-03/2016 Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mexican Agency for Development Cooperation (AMEXCID)
Senior Advisor
04/2013-01/2015 OECD
Development Cooperation Directorate
Senior Advisor
01/2012-04/2013 Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mexican Agency for Development Cooperation (AMEXCID)
Deputy Director General on Policy
04/2005-12/2011 Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Mission to the OECD
Mexican delegate to the Development Assistance Committee and the Development Centre
08/2002-04/2005 Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Embassy to the UK
Economic Affairs
04/1990-08/2002 Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Embassy to Russia
Economic Affairs

Selected Publications

Bracho, Gerardo (2015): In Search of a Narrative for Southern Providers: The Challenge of the Emerging Economies to the Development Cooperation Agenda, Discussion Paper, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Bonn.

Bracho, Gerardo and Pérez Pineda, Jorge (2015): Development Agencies in Emerging Powers: The Mexican Case, in: Chaturvedi Sachin et al. (ed.), Development Agencies in Emerging Powers. Instituto Mora and German Development Institute, Bonn.

Bracho, Gerardo and García-López, Agustín (2011): México y el CAD de la OCDE: una relación en construcción, in: Revista Española de desarrollo y Cooperación 28.

Bracho, Gerardo (2009): La identidad de los países de renta media y de México desde la perspectiva de la OCDE, in: Citlali Ayala Martínez and Jorge A. Pérez Pineda (eds.), México y los países de renta media en la cooperación para el desarrollo: ¿hacia dónde vamos?, Mexico: Instituto Mora-Flacso-Cideal.

Bracho, Gerardo and García-López, Agustín (2009): La Reforma de la cooperación mexicana en el contexto internacional: los donantes emergentes y el Comité de Asistencia al Desarrollo de la OCDE, in: Quince años de México en la OCD, Mexico: Instituto Matías Romero-SRE.

Bracho, Gerardo and López Gallardo, Julio (2005): The Economic Collapse of Russia, in: Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review 232 (March).

Bracho, Gerardo (2004): La liberalización del Comercio Exterior, la desindustrialización y la economía poscomunista en Rusia, in: Investigación Económica 63 (247), Mexico January-March.

Bracho, Gerardo (2004): Mexico`s Foreign Trade Strategy in Trouble: the impact of China, in: Voices of Mexico 67 (April-June).

Seminars and Conferences

  • From 2005 to the present I have closely followed the Aid and Development Cooperation Effectiveness Agenda, participating in the High Level Meetings at Accra (2008), Busan (2011) and Mexico City (2014). I was a “Sherpa” on behalf of Mexico, which represented the other Southern Cooperation providers in the ad-hoc group that drafted the Busan outcome document and the rules of the Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation formed at the Busan High Level Meeting.
  • I was a member of the Mexican team that participated in the G20 Development Group during the presidencies of France in 2011 and Mexico in 2012. From 2008 to 2010, I was also a member of the Mexican team that covered the development agenda of the Heiligendamm process, an outreach agenda of the G-8 with the so-called G-5 (Brazil, China, India, South Africa and Mexico), which anticipated G20 discussions on development.
  • In addition to participating in intergovernmental meetings and processes, I have given talks on the issue of development cooperation at a number of conferences and seminars at academic institutions such as the BRICs Research Centre (Rio de Janeiro), the German Development Institute (Bonn), the Overseas Development Institute (London) the Mora Institute (Mexico City), the National Autonomous University of Mexico (Mexico City), the OECD (Paris) and Chatham House (London).

Dr Philip Liste

Dr. Blayne Haggart

Prof. Dr Marianne Marchand

Dr Tamirace Fakhoury

Dr Adam Sandor

Prof. Dr Claudia Derichs

Dr Stephen Adaawen

Dr Dr Ariel Hernández

Prof. Dr Frank Adloff

Dr Bettina Mahlert

Dr Franz Mauelshagen

Prof. Dr Dr Marlies Ahlert

Dr Zeynep Sahin Mencutek

Dr Mariana Nardone

Dr Ying Shen

Prof. Dr Andreas Thiel

Dr Esref Aksu

Dr Micheline van Riemsdijk

Prof. Dr Wouter Werner

Dr Pol Bargués-Pedreny

Dr Burcu Bayram

Dr Isaline Bergamaschi

Dr Felix Bethke

Dr Sarah Van Beurden

Jun.-Prof. Dr Manuel Borutta

Gerardo Bracho

Dr Morgan Brigg

Prof. Dr Lothar Brock

Prof. Stephen Brown

Prof. Dr Susanne Buckley-Zistel

Prof. Dr Bettina Burger-Menzel

Dr Alessandra Cappelletti

Prof. David Carment, Ph.D.

Dr Paula Castro

Dr Ayse Cavdar

Prof. Dr Gerald Chan

Prof. David Chandler

Prof. Hongming Cheng

Prof. Dr Manjiao Chi

Prof. Andrew Cooper

Prof. Dr Larry Crump

Prof. Dr Susan Erikson

Dr Alejandro Esguerra

Prof. Dr Isabel Feichtner

Dr Peter Finkenbusch

Jaroslava Gajdošová, Ph.D.

Prof. Noemi Gal-Or, Ph.D., LL.B.

Dr Daniel Gaus

Mneesha Gellman, Ph.D.

Dr Payam Ghalehdar

Prof. Faten Ghosn

Dr Gianluca Grimalda

Dr Jennifer Gronau

Dr Stefan Groth

Prof. Dr Eric Grynaviski

Dr Petra Gümplová

Prof. Dr Gunther Hellmann

Dr Heike Hennig-Schmidt

Prof. Dr Pablo Holmes

Dr Joe Hoover

Prof. Dr Jon Hovi

Prof. Meibo Huang

Dr Abou Jeng

Prof. Dr Anja Jetschke

Prof. Dr Jonathan Joseph

Dr Yannis Kallianos

Dr phil. habil. Otto Kallscheuer

Prof. Dr Babacar Kanté

Prof. Dr Ina Kerner

Dr Kai Koddenbrock

Mag. Dr Martina Kopf

Prof. Dr Bernd Lahno

Prof. Siddharth Mallavarapu

Dr Xavier Mathieu

Aysem Mert, Ph.D.

PD Dr Christian Meyer

Dr Charmaine Misalucha-Willoughby

Dr Elisabetta Nadalutti

Dr James Nyomakwa-Obimpeh

Dr Dirk Peters

Dr Steven Pierce

Prof. Elena Pulcini

Prof. Dr Sigrid Quack

Dr Salvador Santino F. Regilme

Dr Nicole Renvert

Dr Mathieu Rousselin

Dr Galya Ruffer

Dr Olivia Rutazibwa

Mag. Dr Ariane Sadjed

Dr Shirin Saeidi

Prof. Dr Enrique Saravia

Dr Andrea Schapper

Prof. Dr Klaus Schlichte

Dr Jessica Schmidt

Dr Mario Schmidt

Prof. Dr Ulrich Schneckener

Prof. Jan Aart Scholte

Dr habil. Birgit Schwelling

Dr Katrin Seidel

Dr Balraj K. Sidhu

Dr Deepshikha Shahi

Dr Abdolkarim Soroush

Prof. Detlef Sprinz, Ph.D.

Dr Holger Straßheim

Dr Ángela Suárez-Collado

Dr Liam Swiss

Prof. Dr Christian J. Tams

Margret Thalwitz

Dr Peter Thiery

Prof. emerit. Arild Underdal

Dr rer. pol. Winfried Veit

Dr Wanda Vrasti

Prof. Dong Wang

Dr Hung-Jen Wang

Prof. Dr Herbert Wulf

Prof. Dr Dvora Yanow

Dr Fariborz Zelli

Prof. Dr Shirin Zubair