The Governance of Refugee Returns: `Voluntary` and `Encouraged` Returns from Turkey to Syria

The project investigates the issue of refugee returns to their country of origin from the perspective of polycentric governance. Drawing from the case of Syrian refugees` return from Turkey to Syria, the project examines policies, procedures, narratives, and practices of multiple actors such as public, private, civil society actors involving in return processes. Particularly, the interactions among origin countries, receiving countries as well as those with the EU and transnational migration agencies, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and International Organization of Migration are critical to understand the forms of global cooperation, coordination, contestation and responsibility sharing/shifting in this policy field. Also, the project approaches the refugees as the active agents in return processes, thus it investigates the dynamics shaping their return aspirations and acts relying on the original qualitative and quantitative data.